BIODIVERSITY IN MINING
BUSINESS AND BIODIVERSITY OFFSET (BBOP)
Incorporating Biodiversity into Mining Operations
Can development NGOs and the mining industry find common ground and work together in a developing country. Conservation International in collaboration with Conservation Alliance-Ghana is implementing a biodiversity project with Newmont Ghana Gold Limited (NGGL). The project aims at incorporating biodiversity into the mining operations of NGGL at the Ahafo mine. Working with or for NGGL offers both opportunities and risks.
We can help a mining company ensure that the workers, their families and communities share adequately in the economic and social rewards from a mining operation in their area.
We can contribute to the provision of sustainable livelihoods when an operation winds down. The company’s reputation as a good corporate citizen can be enhanced.
Community Biodiversity Use
Biodiversity provides the basis for life on earth and is the key to safeguarding the wealth of the world for future generations. All societies depend on biodiversity and biological resources either directly or indirectly. Diversity of life differs from place to place, particularly in different ecological regions. In the same way, specific uses, values and order of importance placed on biodiversity vary at the global, national and local levels.
At the international level emphasis is placed on the global value of biodiversity that is ecological, scientific, educational and intrinsic value. Rural people because of their geographic location in rural areas are closely associated with nature.
They have constantly to contend with natural elements – rain, drought etc – over which they have no control. Rural dwellers, therefore, build up beliefs and convictions about nature – a pattern of thought and philosophy of life – that are very different from those of an urban dweller who lives removed from nature.
At the local level therefore, particularly in rural Africa, biodiversity is valued for providing food, medicines, fuel, building materials, sources of livelihoods and in some cases religious and cultural identity.
Over the last few years, CI-Ghana in collaboration with partners particularly CA has developed a formal system for involving rural communities in assessing the biodiversity and biodiversity values for their physical environments.